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Labour Day

Labour Day 2017 and 2018

Labour Day is a public holiday in New Zealand that commemorates the eight-hour working day initiated by the labour union movement over a century ago. It is celebrated on the fourth Monday in October each year.

YearDateDayHoliday
201723 OctMonLabour Day
201822 OctMonLabour Day

The ‘eight-hour day’ recognises that each day has eight hours for work, eight for rest and eight for recreation. It is a worldwide phenomenon marked in most countries by a date in May for Labour Day (USA – ‘Labor’). The origin of New Zealand’s Labour Day goes back to 1840. A 50-year commemoration of the eight-hour day was held in October 1890 in Wellington.

The first official Labour Day holiday was in 1900 and was attributed to a Liberal government peacemaking effort as they had not yet fully implemented the eight-hour day across all industries. Early Labour Day celebrations included displays of floats and banners paraded through towns and cities.

After the 1920’s, the Labour Day parade began to decline and the day became, in many places, a welcome holiday. Labour Day falls in spring and, if the weather is pleasant, it becomes a day of family outings and impromptu sporting events. But in October, the weather is not predictable. For example, in October 2012, snow fell on Canterbury and a tornado severely damaged buildings in the west coast towns of Hector and Ngakawau.

New Zealanders often travel on the Labour Day long weekend. For some, it’s a time to kick back around the home barbecue and enjoy the Kiwi staples of bangers (sausages) and burgers or, even more luxuriously, seafood or slow-roasted lamb.

Those who like to catch their own food will still barbecue… and the ocean menu will offer up oysters, paua (abalone), crayfish, snapper, elephant fish and mackerel. Freshwater fishing families are more likely to catch a brown or rainbow trout in places like the waterways around Rotorua Lakes. A favourite New Zealand dessert often follows – barbecued bananas with chocolate and marshmallow topping.